SET-ting the scene with SMYD enzymes in cancer
This image shows cell under division where daugther cells are linked by a cytokinetic bridge.
In purple : Tubulin
In green : CHMP2B
© Aurélie Richard
The methylation of lysine residues is a key post-translational modification (PTM) which has been studied primarily in the context of histone methylation and epigenetic regulation of gene expression. Beyond this well-established role, lysine methylation is now emerging as a regulator of non-histone protein-protein interactions and protein function. Our laboratory investigates the role of lysine methyltransferase enzymes (particularly SMYD family members) and how lysine methylation contributes to deregulated cellular processes and to the development of cancer.
- We showed that the SMYD3 methyltransferase is involved in tumor cell metastasis (e.g. via MMP9 regulation)
- We discovered that SMYD3 is important in cell fate and muscle differentiation
- We found that SMYD3 responds to mechanical signals initiated by changes in cell geometry
Our research aims to identify new substrates through proteomic approaches, coupled with functional validation, to understand the critical role of methylation in differentiation. We use an integrated approach with transcriptomics, biochemistry and functional experimental validation to understand the critical role of lysine methylation in cell fate. We recently discovered novel non-histone targets of the SMYD2 and SMYD3 enzymes with critical roles in cancer cell division. Part of our research will be dedicated to the development of applied tools (for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes).
Our experimental approaches:
We use comparative proteomic approaches combined with experimental cell biology and functional live-cell imaging, together with biochemical approaches to study the role of lysine methylation at the molecular and cellular levels. We use human cancer cell models and parasite-infected cells to study how methylation impacts cancer cell phenotypes.
Congratulations to Dr. Aurélie Richard, who spent four and a half years in the team during her second year of a master's degree and her PhD.Aurélie has worked very hard over all these years and deserves her new PhD title, earned after her thesis defense on November...
Today we are welcoming three new members in the team. From left to right : Camille (PhD student), Marisol (PhD student) and Julia (engineer). Camille will work on the SMYD project while Marisol and Julia will work on the host-parasite interactions project. Read more
Ariane is our new Postdoc. She will work on the host-parasite interactions project. Welcome in the team Ariane! Read more
Charles is our new ATER (teaching Postdoc). He will work on the SMYD project and, will also be part of the teaching unit for cellular biology and physiology. Welcome in the team Charles! Read more